Businesses usually have their network of head offices and branch offices apart from the manufacturing and distribution units all over the country. Without a doubt, the system is intricate and complex to handle at times. To centralise the entire system, and make it simpler in the process, Input Service Distributor (ISD) was created under the CENVAT regime. This entity was responsible for the management and regulation of input tax credits generated by the businesses. However, with the new Goods and Services Tax regime effective now, the role of ITD will slightly change.
ISD Under the Old Regime
An ISD under the old taxation system was a manufacturer or provider of output services. It received invoices as per rule 4A of the Service Tax Rules, 1994 against the purchase of input services. In return, it would issue invoices or bills for the distribution of the credits paid on the service tax
In other words, ISD would receive the service invoices and then distribute the CENVAT available to it to the other manufacturers under a centralised system.
ISD Under the GST Regime
The role of an Input Service Distributor under the GST regime would be similar to that of the old regime, but with a few minor differences.
GST Model Law defines Input Service Distributor as an office of the supplier of goods and/or services that has received an invoice for input services and is authorised to distribute the tax credit to the supplier.
Under the GST regime, an ISD issues the appropriate documents for the distribution of the credit of CGST, SGST and IGST paid on the services and/or goods to a supplier who has the same PAN as the aforementioned office.
Distribution of Tax Credit by ISD under GST
The following explains the applicability of taxes under the GST regime:
- CGST and SGST: For transactions within the same state
- IGST: For imports and transactions between two different states
- CGST and UGST: For transactions within a union territory
Now, an ISD will distribute credits according to the location of the credit receiver and the location of ISD itself. There are two possibilities with this arrangement. These are:
- When ISD and the Receiver of the Tax Credits are Located Within the Same State
In this, the ISD distributes the credit of ISGT, CGST, SGST, and UGST based on the tax invoices provided by the recipient.
Let’s consider an example now- Jayanti Enterprises is an Electronics Dealer and a registered ISD based in Jaipur. It has two other units based in Jodhpur and Rewari.
Jayanti Enterprises received an invoice of Rs. 2 lakh on which a GST of Rs. 36,000 was paid (Rs. 18,000 CGST and Rs. 18,000 SGST) from its Jodhpur unit. So, it will distribute the credit of Rs. 18,000 as CGST and Rs. 18,000 as SGST.
- When ISD and the Receiver of the Tax Credits are Located in Two Different States
In this, the ISD distributes the credit in the form of IGST. So, considering the same example of Jayanti Enterprises explained above, if it receives the same invoice of Rs. 2 lakh on which a GST of Rs. 36,000 was paid (Rs. 18,000 CGST and Rs. 18,000 SGST) but from its Rewari unit (which is another state i.e. Haryana) then it will distribute the credit of CGST Rs. 18,000 and SGST Rs. 18,000 to the Rewari unit as IGST Rs. 36,000.
To sum it up, the role of ISD is not much changed from that of the old regime to the new GST regime. However, apart from the few major changes given above, one other change is that the ISD under the GST regime will have to file monthly returns by 13th of the following month unlike earlier when they had to file half-yearly returns.