Our government has taken a paramount step in the direction of reforming the age-old tax regime. All taxes are to be subsumed into one amalgamated tax GST. The SMEs and startups are rejoicing, as the new taxation system is deemed to bring much-awaited relief to entrepreneurs and businesses.
According to the govt. GST will increase “Ease of doing business” and “Unleash the animal spirit” of startups. GST could pump the much-needed fuel that the startups are starving without. Let’s have a look at how GST is going to affect new and existing businesses.
Starting your business was never easier: In the initial stage of starting a business, every business need to have a VAT registration. In India, every state has its own taxation procedure. It could prove hassle- some for a person trying to start his new business. With 100 of problems already with the businessman, related to starting a business. This tiresome bureaucracy does not help one bit. But, come GST this will all be streamlined.
No distinction in sales and services: Businesses like restaurants have to pay VAT for sales and services separately. This makes the whole process of computing tax very complex. After the introduction of GST in April, both are to be calculated together as one.
A brief sector wise impact of GST:-
Positive: The current effective tax rate levied on this sector ranges between 30-47 percent. This is expected to mellow out to 20-22 percent. GST will spur growth in this sector, as the end user is expected to enjoy a reduced cost by 10 percent.
Negative: Commercial vehicle market may take a hit due to this. GST will eliminate local taxes, quicker passage through check posts, reduce logistic overheads. Improved efficiency with current capacity, operators may delay their expansion plans.
Positive: Implementation of GST is big boost for consumer durable industry as also for makers of building materials. New tax regime will lower the end prices of products as manufactures are likely to pass on the price benefit. Also it will reduce the price gap between organized (branded) and unorganized (unbranded) market players. Reduction in logistic overheads will also lower the end cost
Negative: Manufacturers have to watch out for whether benefit is applied to excise duty exemptions zones or not. If not then production units in such zones will incur higher cost and will increase the cost of end product.
Positive: Companies will be saving substantially in logistics and distribution costs as there will be no need for multiple selling points. FMCG today pays nearly 24-25% tax including all components. Once GST comes in the picture it will be lowered to 17-19%.
Negative: As per recommendation of GST council, there is 40% tax on “demerit” products which includes aerated beverages and tobacco products. Prices may surge by 20%.food companies enjoying concessional rate of excise may be affected.
Tax rate is expected to drop from 27-32 percent to 18-20 percent. So, companies in this sector should prepare themselves for increased demand and growth. A company currently running 550 depots can bring down to 100 depots.
5. IT & ITES:
Positive: GST will eliminate multiple levies for IT companies. It will also allow deeper penetration of digital services.
Negative: Tax rate in this sector is 14 percent, after April it is expected to surge to 18-20 percent. Companies in this sector might prepare themselves to take hit revenue wise. Also IT companies mostly work on same project from different data centers. Hence each center will need to generate separate invoice for every different project they have taken.
Positive: Cost of mobile handsets and laptop will eventually come down.
Negative: Call charges and data charges are bound to go up if GST regime exceeds 15%.
Positive: Reduction in logistic cost and whole country as one unified market will reduce the end cost for consumer. Cascading effect of taxes will be also be eliminated once GST is implemented.
Negative: TCS (Tax collection at source) will increase the administrative, documentation workload for eCommerce companies.
You need to prepare yourself for this historic change, whether you are on the gaining side or the losing side. If you are on the gaining side, tighten your belt as the demand is going to surge with the 7th pay commission and GST pumping disposable income into the economy. With GST everyone will be a winner in the long run.